HomeScience & InnovationLarge Hadron Collider is operational again after 3 years of upgrading

Large Hadron Collider is operational again after 3 years of upgrading

After being shut down for 3 years for instrument upgrades, the world’s most powerful particle accelerator “Large Hadron Collider (LHC)” has been restarted.

In addition to continuing to search for dark matter, it will also clarify whether the abnormal behavior of certain particles represents the fifth natural Fundamental forces exist.


An invention to unravel the mystery of existence

The function of the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) is to accelerate particles such as protons to close to the speed of light and then make them collide with each other, generating hundreds of millions of particle collision events per second, and many strange physical processes are hidden in these collisions.

All along, everything discovered by the LHC, including the Higgs particle discovered during Run 1 (2009-2013), the tetraquark and pentaquark particles discovered during Run 2 (2015-2018), etc. In line with the standard model predictions, however, analyzing the complete data collected by LHCb experiments in the past 10 years, it seems that some particle behaviors cannot be explained by the standard model, such as B mesons (B mesons) did not decay in the way described by the model (producing electrons and muons, or the rarer bimbo), preferring instead to end with an electron.

To clarify these deviations from the model, and to make the instrument perform better, the LHC has been undergoing various updates since it ceased operation on December 10, 2018, including improvements to over 1,200 magnets (controlling particles) The diode insulation in the beam) to avoid the energy released by the diode short circuit may damage the measurement results, replace 22 superconducting magnets and cryogenic devices, install 16 new collimators, etc.

After 3 years of upgrades, the re-running LHC will produce higher-energy collisions (up to 13.6 TeV) than during Run 2, potentially bringing new insights into particle behavior and clarifying whether anomalous decays of B mesons could be The fifth fundamental force of nature intervenes, etc.

The restart is expected to run until it shuts down in 2026, when parts and equipment will be replaced again.

The world’s largest and most powerful particle accelerator has restarted

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Mehmet is one of the administrator of Teknonel. As a software developer, he loves to share his knowledge in related topics. He is highly familiar with the editorial process from the inception of an article idea, through the iterative process, publishing, and performance analysis as well as product reviews.

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