HomeSpace & AstronomyVolcanic eruption created extremely rare mineral on Mars

Volcanic eruption created extremely rare mineral on Mars

Ever since the Mars rover discovered the extremely rare “tridymite” mineral on Mars in 2016, scientists have not been sure about the mineral’s source. A new study shows that the mineral likely came from a volcanic eruption more than 3 billion years ago.

Tridymite is a type of quartz that forms in high temperature and low pressure environments. This mineral is often associated with Earth’s volcanic activity and is so rare that it was first discovered in Mars’ Gale Crater in 2016 by NASA’s Mars rover. Researchers wondered why Mars had this ultra-rare mineral.

Recently, a new study found that “silica volcanism” from a volcanic eruption more than 3 billion years ago may be responsible for the formation of volcanic tridymite. So far, we’ve had ample evidence of basalt volcanic eruptions on Mars, and new research shows that the volcanic history of Mars may be more complex and interesting than previously thought.

Image Credit: Nasa

Gale Crater was once a Martian lake, and the underlying magma lingered longer than usual, went through a process called “partial crystallization and partial cooling,” and then contained it in the form of tridymite in a big eruption.

The volcanic ash of silicon spilled into lakes and surrounding rivers. Since water can decompose volcanic ash by natural processes, this scenario may explain why high concentrations of tridymite are found in the same area.

Mehmet S. Kaya
Mehmet S. Kaya
Mehmet is one of the administrator of Teknonel. As a software developer, he loves to share his knowledge in related topics. He is highly familiar with the editorial process from the inception of an article idea, through the iterative process, publishing, and performance analysis as well as product reviews.

Follow us on Social Media!


Related Articles

The night sky is full of black holes instead of stars

This is a seemingly ordinary starry sky photo (see the first picture), but it is a more special celestial body than luminous stars, that...

Truck-Sized Asteroid passed 3,600 kilometers closer than many satellites

The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) stated that an asteroid the size of a truck passed over the southern tip of South America...

NASA captures unusual close glimpse of black hole devouring a star

A rogue star recently eaten by a black hole may help scientists understand more complex black hole feeding.NASA's multiple telescopes recently observed a massive...

The Most Important space exploration Missions to watch in 2023

Following this year's milestones such as the launch of the Webb Space Telescope for scientific observation, the completion of China's Tiangong space station, and...

Explore More Articles

4 Best Truck mods in Euro Truck Simulator 2

4 Best Truck mods in Euro Truck Simulator 2

ETS 2 is a game all about driving a truck in a massive world of roads. In this case, we have listed the best...
Best Car mods in Euro Truck Simulator 2-main

4 Best Car mods in Euro Truck Simulator 2

When it comes to Euro Truck Simulator 2, players mostly focused on trucks and trailers mod. However there are lots of great car mods...
Rolls-Royce builds world's largest jet engine-min

Rolls-Royce builds world’s largest jet engine

Rolls-Royce's new gas turbine engine, UltraFan, has just completed its first ground test before electric engines enter all areas of transportation. When launched, it will...